The art of landscaping can get lost in the chaos of remodeling or building a new home. The approach should start from the beginning with your architect and flow from the site plan and footprint of your home. Taking into account geographic elements around your site such as rolling hills, trees, wind patterns, and southern exposures you can plan your landscape to take advantage of these natural sources of heat and cooling.
For example, deciduous trees (those that lose their leaves in the winter) are perfect for the south, east, and west facing exposures of your home as they protect your home from the heat in the summer but allow heat to pass through in the winter after they’ve shed their leaves. Evergreens which retain their leaves year-round are best used on the North side of your home where they can provide the greatest barrier against cold winds.
There are many more techniques to apply to take advantage of your landscape so make sure you consult with your architect and landscape designer before pouring the foundation and planting trees randomly across your property.